The HR Dictionary

Labor Market

The supply and demand for labor in a particular industry or region, wherein employees give the supply and employers provide the demand, are collectively referred to as the labor market. It is a crucial part of every economy and is closely connected to the GDP of a nation or the entire world.

Why is the Labor Market Important?

The labor market is important for an organization because it determines how much an organization should pay its employees based on the supply of labor, how many are needed to be hired, and what kind of benefits to be offered. If a company needs to hire more employees, it must find them from the labor market. 

Labor Market vs Labor Force

The difference between labor market and labor force is that the former refers to the subset of the population who are employed, while the latter refers to all people of working age. The labor force can be thought of as being divided into three groups: unemployed, employed, and not in the labor market. The labor force includes all people working or seeking work.

The terms are commonly used interchangeably but mean different things when applied to different contexts. For example, a person might be considered employed if they have a job or are looking for one in the labor force. But if they aren't working or looking for work, they will be classified as not in the labor force.